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Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous and not big country situated among mountains and valleys of the North Tien Shan. Reliable sources have permitted local and foreign historians to establish the fact that the state organization of Kyrgyz people counts twenty two centuries. The documents of Sym Tsjan, the well-known Chinese historian and chronicler, are the most ancient historical documents about Kyrgyz state organization. In 2003 Kyrgyzstan marked the 2200 anniversary of its state system and the long history of country is evident to visitors of Kyrgyzstan on the rock paintings near the Issyk-kul Lake and Burana tower.
Bishkek is the capital and the largest city of Kyrgyzstan. The name is thought to derive from a Kyrgyz word for a churn used to make fermented mare's milk (kumis), the Kyrgyz national drink. Bishkek is situated at about 800 metres (2,600 ft) altitude just off the northern fringe of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too range, an extension of the Tian Shan mountain range, which rises up to 4,855 metres (15,928 ft) and provides a spectacular backdrop to the city.